Kitchen Sink Buying Guide

Kitchen Sink Buying Guide
The heart of every home is the kitchen, and the sink is a vital piece of it. Washing hands, rinsing dishes, prepping food, bathing the puppy – it's one of the most utilized features of every home. While it's important for your new sink to complement your design plans, it's also crucial that its functionality meets your everyday needs. Shopping for a new one doesn't need to be overwhelming. There's the perfect sink out there for your space, and this guide will help you find it.
Drop In Kitchen Sink

What are my size options for a kitchen sink?

Stone Farmhouse Sink Copper Farmhouse Sink Granite Composite Kitchen Sink
There is a multitude of size options for your new kitchen sink, which can be found as little as 9" in length or exceed 40" for larger spaces. Know the purpose of the sink and how it will be used. For example, if you're looking for a sink to install into your kitchen island to help with food preparation, you likely only need a small prep sink which will be 24" long or smaller.

If replacing your main kitchen sink, you'll want to go a bit larger. The most common sizes for a kitchen sink are 30" or 33", however a standard size could measure anywhere between 24" and 36" in length. The bulk of what you find while shopping will fall within this size range. Generally, sinks up to 30" will contain one large single bowl. These sinks are fantastic for washing larger pots and pans, so they're ideal for bigger families that do a lot of stovetop cooking. If a double-bowl sink is desired, although they do exist, you may have some trouble finding one under 30" in length. Sinks that measure more than 30" in length will usually contain two or more bowls, however, you may still find some single-bowl sinks in these larger sizes. If you like to keep a food prep area separated from your dirty dish bowl, then a double or triple bowl sink may be what you need.

Farmhouse Kitchen SinkKitchen sinks that are larger than 36" in length are considered oversized sinks. These fit very well into large kitchens, where a small or standard size kitchen sink may get lost in the design. Oversized sinks are also often found in professional kitchens or industrial settings, where large basins can really be taken advantage of.

Aside from the length of the sink, you should pay close attention to the depth of the basins as well as the width from front to back. Someone who prefers to hand wash their dishes may appreciate a deeper sink for soaking, or a wider sink which provides a bit more room to work.
Farmhouse Kitchen Sink
Sink Measurements

How do I measure for a new kitchen sink?

You may now have an idea of the size you want your new kitchen sink to be, but before you make a decision, you'll need to know what will fit. If you're replacing an existing sink, measure the length and width of the opening where your current sink rests. To do this, you'll likely need to remove the sink. Also measure the depth of the bowls, as a significantly deeper bowl than what you currently have may require alterations to the in-wall plumbing. You'll need to know what will fit, and whether modifications will need to be made to your countertop, cabinet, or plumbing.

If you're planning to jump from a shallow sink to something with a deeper basin, take some measurements from the existing plumbing. If the basin hangs too low, the sink will not drain properly and modifications may need to be made behind the wall, e.g. lowering the pipe that feeds into the wall. To know how much deeper you can go without modification, measure the length of the pipe that connects the sink drain to the tee below the sink. This pipe is referred to as the tailpiece. If the tailpiece is 2" in length, then you should be able to install a new sink that is 2" deeper than what you currently have with no issues.
Stainless Steel Kitchen Sink

What are the different styles of kitchen sinks?

After you have determined a size for your new kitchen sink, it's time to explore the style options that are available. The following information will be useful in discovering the type of kitchen sink that'll fit into your design plans.
   Farmhouse or Apron Front  
  Farmhouse or Apron Front Designed to have large, deep bowls to hold ample amount of water, farmhouse sinks have been around since before indoor plumbing existed. These sinks feature an exposed front that either sits flush with or hangs over the cabinets that it rests between. This style of sink can be found in a wide range of materials, sizes, colors, and designs to fit well into any modern or traditional kitchen.  
  Drop-In Drop-in kitchen sinks are designed to drop into a pre-cut opening in the countertop. These sinks will feature an exposed rim that rests on the countertop and often contain one or more mounting holes for faucet installation. Drop-in sinks are a great option for those who are looking for something easy to install and remove (if ever necessary), and can be used with any countertop material.  
  Undermount Undermount kitchen sinks are mounted to the underside of the countertop, fastened using clips or brackets and adhesive. This allows the sink's rim to be concealed, providing a sleek appearance and making cleanup around the sink much simpler. Due to the way that these sinks are supported, they typically require a solid surface countertop such as granite or quartz.  
   Wall Mount  
  Wall Mount Wall-mount kitchen sinks are exactly that—they bolt directly onto the kitchen wall. These types of sinks are typically made of cast iron, porcelain, or stainless steel and require additional support behind the wall to bear their weight. However, once installed, their urban or vintage appeal make them a unique centerpiece in both industrial or farmhouse-themed kitchens.  
  Corner To create more versatile counterspace, corner kitchen sinks mount into the corner of your countertop, and are usually L-shaped. Many corner kitchen sinks are made of stainless steel, however other material options do exist. Corner sinks will always require a drop-in or undermount installation.  
   Prep or Bar  
  Prep or Bar Prep sinks, also referred to as bar sinks, are small single-bowl sinks that are typically installed in addition to the main kitchen sink. They are generally reserved for small tasks such as washing hands or rinsing fruits and vegetables. However, in a very small kitchen, a prep sink can fulfill the duties of a kitchen sink while saving precious space.  

What are my options for a kitchen sink material?

When exploring the options for your new kitchen sink, you're going to recognize that they are made in a variety of materials. While durability is critical, it's also important that the sink material that you select fits well aesthetically into the theme of your space.
   Cast Iron  
  Cast Iron These kitchen sinks are made of heavy, solid cast iron and their core is near indestructible. Known for their durability, cast iron sinks contain a porcelain enamel coating which also make them very low maintenance and a breeze to clean. Many cast iron sinks are offered in a white finish, however there are other color options to choose from such as biscuit, black, shades of tan, and even vintage blues or greens.  
  Fireclay Fireclay kitchen sinks are made of dense clay which is fired at very high temperatures, which fuses the clay to its porcelain enamel coating. Another durable material, fireclay sinks are resistant to rust, discoloration, and fading. The smooth, glossy finish makes them easy to clean and maintain. Kitchen sinks made of fireclay are available in shades of white, black, gray, beige, biscuit, and blue, among many others.  
   Stainless Steel  
  Stainless Steel Arguably the most popular kitchen sink material, stainless steel sinks are constructed of 14 (thicker), 16, or 18 (thinner) gauge, 304-grade stainless steel. They typically feature a coating of sound-deadening material on their underside, and they're resistant to chipping and cracking. Stainless steel also has the benefit of naturally resisting stains from acidic foods and beverages, and is rust proof. This material is a common choice due to its compatibility with any kitchen design.  
  Copper Similar to stainless steel, copper sinks are made in various thicknesses from 20 gauge up to 14 gauge (the lower the number, the thicker the metal). An authentic copper sink is made with 99.9% pure copper, which make them naturally antimicrobial to kill harmful bacteria. Since copper contains a living finish, some extra maintenance is recommended to keep it looking new such as monthly waxing, and washing with a cleaner formulated specifically for copper to prevent corrosion and discoloration. However, with less cleaning and waxing, you can allow your copper sink to develop a beautiful natural patina to make it truly one-of-a-kind.  
   Natural Stone  
  Natural Stone Natural stone sinks are made of various types of marble, granite, or travertine, which come in a wide variety of unique colors. Since they are carved from a natural piece of stone, no two sinks are identical, so you'll never have to worry about having the same sink as your neighbor. Like copper, natural stone sinks require a bit more maintenance than sinks of a traditional material. The sink will need to be sealed using a stone sealer every few months, depending on its frequent of use.  
   Granite Composite  
  Granite Composite Granite composite is a material that is made up of a blend of granite stone and acrylic resins. The result is a high-quality, low-maintenance, extremely durable material designed specifically for daily use. Granite composite sinks are available in a wide range of neutral colors to match with surrounding decor, and often feature integrated drainboards and faucet drillings.  
Granite Compostie Kitchen Sink

Single Bowl, Double Bowl, or Triple Bowl?

Single Bowl Double Bowl Triple Bowl
Choosing between one, two, or three bowls for your new kitchen sink is about personal preference, and again, how the sink will be used. The amount of cooking done in your home, the size of your family, and how you wash your dishes should factor into determining how many bowls you'd like your sink to have.

Single-bowl sinks will contain one large basin. These sinks work great for those who often cook with large pots and pans, trays, and baking sheets. You can easily fit more of these larger items into a single bowl sink, and still have room for hand-cleaning without a bowl divider getting in the way.

Farmhouse Kitchen SinkDouble-bowl sinks are great if your family hand washes all, or most of, your dishes. Having bowls separated allows you to fill one side of the sink with water for soaking and washing, while the other side is reserved for rinsing and drying. Whatever you use each bowl for, it can be nice to have that separation.

Some larger kitchen sinks may even possess three bowls, providing even more separation. In triple-bowl sinks, there are typically two large bowls and one small bowl.. This design could allow you to have your prep sink completely isolated from the basins where dishes are stored and washed, or, a bowl to place small cooking utensils and silverware in.
Farmhouse Kitchen Sink
Prep Sink

Other Factors to Consider

Most drop-in kitchen sinks as well as sinks made of granite composite will feature faucet holes pre-drilled into the back rim. This allows you to mount your faucet to the sink instead of having to mount to the countertop behind the faucet or on the wall. You can also utilize these holes to add stylish under-counter hand or dish soap dispensers.

Kitchen Sink with DrainboardDrain location on kitchen sinks tends to vary. While many homeowners have no preference of drain placement, some do prefer an offset drain hole (meaning on the left side, right side, or towards the back of the sink) instead of having it centered in the basin. Make sure that the sink you choose has the drain location that you want or your existing plumbing dictates.

An often-overlooked factor when shopping for a new kitchen sink is the size of the actual kitchen that it's going into. Many people desire a big, stunning sink in their redesigned kitchen, but if your kitchen is a little bit tight you may not be happy with an overpowering sink. On the other hand, if you have a very large kitchen, you probably don't want an undersized sink to get lost in the layout.

An integrated drain board is another feature that is sometimes offered on kitchen sinks. Drainboards are great to use as a platform for drying dishes and cookware, as water drains down the sloped and grooved surface and into the sink.
Kitchen Sink with Drainboard

Kitchen Sink Accessories

   Sink Grids  
  Sink Grids Inserting a wire grid into the sink basin will help prevent your sink from being scuffed or damaged by heavy pots, pans or baking dishes. In addition to protecting the look of your sink, wire grids also keep items off the bottom of the bowl that restrict water from efficiently flowing to the drain.  
   Garbage Disposals  
  Garbage Disposals Garbage disposals are very helpful for disposing food scraps rather than tossing them in the trash, where they build an odor and can cause a mess. Installing a garbage disposal in your new kitchen sink is sure to add convenience, and help a great deal with cleanliness.  
   Strainer Baskets & Disposal Flanges  
  Strainer Baskets & Disposal Flanges These pieces are essential for every sink, it's just a matter of knowing which configuration you need. Strainer baskets are mini strainers that fit into the drain hole of a kitchen sink that does not contain a garbage disposal. The strainer basket prevents large scraps of food from falling into the drain, thus preventing clogs. If your sink contains a garbage disposal, you'll need a garbage disposal flange. Disposal flanges do not contain a strainer, which allows food to wash into the disposer easily. Included with a disposal flange is a stopper that can be used to plug the drain if the sink ever needs to be filled.  
   Soap & Lotion Dispensers  
  Soap & Lotion Dispensers Adding an undermount soap and lotion dispenser to your sink is a great way to get those bulky bottles off your countertop. Dispensers are available in a variety of styles and finishes to fit in seamlessly alongside your new or existing kitchen faucet.  
   Air Gap Kits  
  Air Gap Kits In plumbing, an air gap kit is a fixture that prevents backflow from the sink into the dishwasher, which can contaminate the dishes being cleaned. An air gap kit will need its own mounting hole aside from the faucet, and has an exposed cylindrical piece that will sit above the counter. These kits can be purchased in several finishes to match well with the kitchen faucet.  
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